Country Profile | The Kenya Diaspora
Facts and Statistics
Democratic Republic of the Congo 2,646 km (of which 225 km is the boundary of discontiguous Cabinda Province), Republic of the Congo 231 km, Namibia 1,427 km, Zambia 1,065 km
29,310,273 (July 2017 est.)
Ovimbundu 36%, Ambundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, Other African 22%, Mestico (Mixed European And Native African) 2%, Chinese 1%, European 1%,
Indigenous Beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 Est.)
$192 billion (2017 est.)
GDP per capita
$6,800 (2017 est.)
Visa Requirements for Kenyans
Angola's economy is overwhelmingly driven by its oil sector. Oil production and its supporting activities contribute about 50% of GDP, more than 70% of government revenue, and more than 90% of the country's exports. Diamonds contribute an additional 5% to exports. Subsistence agriculture provides the main livelihood for most of the people, but half of the country's food is still imported. Increased oil production supported growth averaging more than 17% per year from 2004 to 2008. A postwar reconstruction boom and resettlement of displaced persons has led to high rates of growth in construction and agriculture as well. Some of the country's infrastructure is still damaged or undeveloped from the 27-year-long civil war. However, the government since 2005 has used billions of dollars in credit lines from China, Brazil, Portugal, Germany, Spain, and the EU to help rebuild Angola's public infrastructure. Land mines left from the war still mar the countryside, and as a result, the national military, international partners, and private Angolan firms all continue to remove them. The global recession that started in 2008 stalled economic growth. In particular, lower prices for oil and diamonds during the global recession slowed GDP growth to 2.4% in 2009, and many construction projects stopped because Luanda accrued $9 billion in arrears to foreign construction companies when government revenue fell in 2008 and 2009. Angola formally abandoned its currency peg in 2009, and in November 2009 signed onto an IMF Stand-By Arrangement loan of $1.4 billion to rebuild international reserves. Consumer inflation declined from 325% in 2000 to less than 9% in 2014. Falling oil prices and slower than expected growth in non-oil GDP have reduced growth prospects for 2015. Angola has responded by reducing government subsidies and by proposing import quotas and a more restrictive licensing regime. Corruption, especially in the extractive sectors, is a major long-term challenge. (CIA)
- Greetings are formal and courteous and start with a handshake.
- Greetings are often followed by social pleasantries such as polite questions about one’s health
- For women, avoid eye contact with men as it is not considered polite.
- You may use a person’s professional title when conversing.
- Government officials may be addressed as “Excellency” or "Excelencia" without using their surname.
- Business cards are given without formal ritual.
- Business Communication is formal and follows established rules of protocols.
- Do not remove your suit jacket unless invited to do so, as this is seen as too casual.
- Angolans prefer to do business with those they know and trust. Relations should be nurtured before pushing the business at hand.
- Agendas are not rigid and are just considered as a starting point for discussions rather than an itemized list of what will be covered.
- During discussions it is often difficult to get definite answers especially if the response would be negative.
- When speaking to someone senior in age or position, indirect eye contact demonstrates respect.
- When speaking with someone at your own cadre, direct eye contact shows sincerity.
- In general, women do not make direct eye contact when conversing with men.
- Business meetings are not always as private as they are in many other cultures. In fact, it may appear that there are several meetings taking place in the same room.
These are basic facts and may not represent the cultural profile of all Angolans countrywide.
- The most common greeting start with a hand shake followed by pleasantries. Greeting are never rushed.
- Close friends may embrace, kiss, or offer a friendly back-slap.
- It is important to take time to inquire about the person’s family and other matters of general interest during the greeting process.
- Always greet elders first and it is considered polite to bow when introduced to someone who is obviously older or more senior in rank.
- If you are invited to an Angolan's home, a small gift for the children is always appreciated.
- Angolans are extremely hospitable and enjoy entertaining friends and family in their homes.
- The Angolan style of entertaining preserves much of the Portuguese influence.
- Dinner invitation is often 8 p.m.
- If invited for dinner at home, dress well. This demonstrates respect towards your hosts.
- Shake hands with each guest individually.
- Avoid business discussions in social situations.
- Food is often served from a communal bowl.
- Allow the eldest person to serve first.